The economic crisis has increased social inequalities in most European countries
The German Bertelsmann Foundation has come out with a new report in which EU countries are ranked based on 35 criteria, such as poverty, unemployment, imbalance in generations, discrimination and health. The imbalance between the rich northern countries and southern countries has intensified, mainly in the countries that are hardest hit by the crisis in which one have not been able to make budget cuts in a balanced way.
There are a total of 28 countries in the report, and Spain in 21st place behind countries such as Lithuania, Cyprus and Portugal. The list is topped by Sweden, followed by Finland, Denmark and the Netherlands.
The analysis is very critical of the growing gap between North and South as well as the imbalance between generations. Younger people tend to be more affected by social injustice than older ones. 28% of children and young people across Europe is now at risk of poverty or social exclusion, which is significantly more than in 2009. On the other hand poverty among the elderly has declined in several countries.
Compared to a similar survey in 2007, albeit with fewer countries, Spain has been surpassed by Poland, Slovakia and Portugal. Among the main reasons for the poor result for Spain is the increase of poverty, especially among young people and high youth unemployment and significant cuts in Social Security and in education and research, “all of which are important for the future,” writes the Bertelsmann Foundation.