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Orange harvesting season

The harvesting of citrus fruits has already been in progress for several weeks in many parts of Spain. 60% of the crop becomes juice.

This is an early variety that gives good eating oranges. The news editors have been harvesting from these trees for over a week now. The picture is from December 1st 2015.

This is an early variety that gives good eating oranges. The news editors have been harvesting from these trees for over a week now. The picture is from December 1st 2015.

The main harvest of citrus fruits takes place between October and May, depending on the region, weather conditions and fruit variation. This season it is estimated a 22% drop in production compared with last year. The decline is a direct result of drought and high summer temperatures, but the harvest will still amount to approximately 6 million tons. It is above all Spain’s arid southeastern corner which has been hit by drought. However, Valle del Guadalhorce in Andalusia has not been significantly affected because they have plenty of access to water. Irrigation also means that it is possible to get two good crops per year.

The Valencia region is the leading producer of citrus fruits such as oranges, tangerines, grapefruit or lemon, and represents 65% of total volume, followed by the region of Murcia with 21.8% and Andalusia with 7.2%. Asozumos (*) reports that about 30% of the production is intended for fresh consumption and 60% goes to production of juice.

A later variety which provides good juice oranges. These are being harvested during spring. The picture is from December 1st 2015.

A later variety which provides good juice oranges. These are being harvested during spring. The picture is from December 1st 2015.

Spain is Europe’s leading producer of fresh orange juice

Spain is the largest producer of orange juice in the EU. Spain’s orange juice exports were worth about 260 million euros in 2014.

EU accounts for almost 80% of the Spanish fruit juice exports. More specifically France os the main market for the Spanish juice buying one-third of the Spanish exports of fruit juice.

In second place is UK, which buys nearly 15% of Spanish fruit juices.

(*) Source: The Spanish Association for juice producers “Asosumos”.

 

Facts about Oranges

Nutrition information per 100 g of fresh fruit:
• Fiber 1.9g
• Energy 216 kJ / 52 KCl
• Carbohydrates 10.8 g
• Fat 0.1g
• Vitamin C 53 mg
• Iron 0.2mg
• Water 86 g

Durability and storage:
Durability and ideal storage temperature varies between different varieties of oranges.
In retail, the storing time is something like this:
2-3 weeks at 2-5 ° C
1-2 weeks at 20 ° C

All pictures: Erixon Consulting, Coín (Málaga).