The Spanish Congress has enacted a series of new regulations on motor vehicles and bikers on the Spanish roads. Even pedestrians are subject to the new law. The new rules include everything from speed limits to pollution and emergency vehicles. Here are some of the new rules:
Helmets mandatory for bikers under 16. Parents of a child who does not have a helmet can be fined 200 Euros.
Small children can not sit in the front seat. Drivers who have children less than 135cm meters in the front seat can be fined 200 Euros, unless all the other seats are occupied by equally small or smaller children or the car does not have rear seats. For taxis, the same rules apply, but it’s the parents – not the taxi driver – who is held liable.
Higher fines for drunk driving. The fine is increased to 1.000 Euro for anyone driving under the influence of alcohol with more than 0.8 per thousand. If the offense is repeated within the same year the fine is raised to 2,000 Euro.
Fines for driving under the influence of drugs. The fine is 1.000 Euros and under the new law it is sufficient that a saliva test shows the presence of drugs in the body. It is need not be proved that the drug affects the person’s ability to drive. The exception is prescription medication.
Alcohol – and drug tests for pedestrians. Pedestrians are caught violating traffic rules will be demanded an alcohol and drug test. This is regardless of whether they have caused or been involved in an accident or not.
New speed limits. The current allowable maximum speed is 120 km/h on highways. There are plans to increase it to 130 km/h on some stretches, which is expected to go through in June. Fines for exceeding the /speed limit from 100 Euro and above (121-150km h).
No speed regulations for bikes on the road. This reform is designed for the benefit of cyclists on the roads in urban areas. So far it has not been allowed to ride at a rate that was lower than 50% of the maximum speed limit. This has resulted in a dilemma for bikers eg in Cuesta de la Vega, Madrid, where a steep uphill gives bikers problems managing 25 km/h Highways are still not allowed for cyclists.
Speed camera detectors and jammers prohibited. The new law specifically prohibits these devices in cars. Drivers who use the detectors can be fined 200 euros and get three points on your license. As regards the block the case is more serious. A fine of 6.000 Euro and six points on his license. Drivers who have GPS with integrated radar alerts have to disable this feature. Only systems based on predownloaded databases on the placement of the cameras will be allowed.
Expats must register their vehicles. Previously this was not mandatory, so now it will be easier to require inspections and as well as issue and collect fines.
Road debris. To throw rubbish of any kind on the road will give high fines.
The police can impose fines on a vehicle without stopping it. If the police are busy with another matter and observes a vehicle performing an illegal act, they can print fine on the spot, without having to take up the hunt for the driver.
Drivers are held responsible for wildlife accidents. It was previously thought that the driver was only guilty if he drove recklessly or illegally, and that the state or the landowner was responsible. Under the new law, the driver is considered responsible for the accident unless it can be proven that the animal ran into the road because of a hunt being held during the day or within 12 hours since the hunt was held. The state will only be held liable if there is no proper warning signs or if wildlife fence is broken. In practice this means that a driver involved in a wild accident can not expect any compensation, even if the accident is so bad that the driver dies or is seriously injured.
50% discount on tickets. A discount of as much as 50% will be given if the fine is paid early. The deadline has been increased from 15 to 20 days.
Prohibition of driving unsafe cars to other countries. This is an adaptation to the UN Declaration on Road Safety (United Nations’ Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020).
Towing trucks get priority on the road. towing trucks on the way to rescue motorists will have the same rights of priority as ambulances and should be treated the same way as ambulances.