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Less crime in Spain

For the fourth consecutive year the crime in Spain is decreasing. The reason is considered to be that the police has been given more resources and that they are more visible on roads and streets.

Grupo Rural de Seguridad (G.R.S.) – Guardia Civil. Photo: Oscar in the middle.

Grupo Rural de Seguridad (G.R.S.) – Guardia Civil. Photo: Oscar in the middle.

A recent statistics from the Spanish Foreign Ministry shows that the number of registered offenses during the first nine months fell by two percent compared with the same period last year.

During the period January 1st to October 1st this year there was 1,540,861 recorded crimes in Spain, which is 45,000 fewer than for the same period in 2014. The number of crimes per 1,000 residents, is 43.8 – which by international standards is a very low number.

Especially the number of murders dropped drastically and declined by 10.8%. Thefts from homes fell by 8.8 percent, car thefts fell by 7.5 percent and the number of robberies has decreased by 5.7 percent.

The statistics are based on data from the National Police Corps, Guardia Civil, Ertzaintza, Mossos d’Esquadra and Policía Foral de Navarro and Policia Local that has gathered statistics from the Spanish cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and the islands of Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Gomera, El Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife, Ibiza, Formentera, Mallorca and Menorca.

Details from a province – Malaga

The crime in the Malaga province have dropped to record low. 2004 was the first year in which a proper crime statistics was collected in the province, and the figures are now the lowest since then – 47.3 crimes per thousand residents. All types of offenses have declined except for theft of motor vehicles, with an increase of 11%.

In the larger municipalities in the Málaga Province, the crime has decreased in Málaga, Fuengirola, Benalmádena, Estepona and Mijas. It is at an unchanged level in Torremolinos and Vélez, while the only major municipality showing an increase is Marbella. In Marbella there has been an increase of 5.5%, especially drug trade, with an increase of 12.3%.

Policía Municipal de Madrid, the local police in Madrid.

Policía Municipal de Madrid, the local police in Madrid.

Police forces in Spain

Police Forces in Spain are organized in two and sometimes three levels, national, regional and municipal police forces. The main responsibility for the police lies with the national police forces Policia Nacional and Guardia Civil, which have slightly different tasks that sometimes overlap. Some of the autonomous regions also have regional police forces with great power. Some other regions have units of the national civil police forces organized as regional police and subordinate the regional authorities. The Municipal Police (Policia Local / Policía Municipal) are found in most municipalities, but has limited tasks mainly on transport in urban areas, petty crime and nuisance. There are also several special forces eg The Customs Crime Police Force.