Spain is the world’s largest exporter of fresh fruits and vegetables with a market share of about 13% of world wide.
When it comes to fruit Spain is clearly number one exporter in the world. When it comes to vegetables Spain is third on the list with Mexico and China just before. But in total, Spain is number one with an export value of € 10,475 million euros in 2014.
This is certainly a large number, but it’s a decline of 2% compared with 2013, although the export volume increased by 2% to 12 million tonnes. Spain also import fruits and vegetables, but very little in relation to the exports. Last year it 2.4 million tonnes was imported with a value of 1.697 million euros.
Most fruits and vegetables are being exported to countries within the EU, buying 91% of the production. Germany is the largest single buyer with about 22% of the total production.
When it comes to European countries outside the EU, there is a decline, mainly because of sanctions against Russia which has meant a decline of 34% for the Russian market. But also the Norwegian and Swiss market has declined by respectively 6% and 3%.
To compensate for the declining Russian market, there have been efforts to increase exports to overseas countries, and efforts have “borne fruit”. Exports to these increased to 421.5 million Euro which is an increase of 32%. The main recipient countries in this group are Brazil with 70.4 million Euro (+ 25%), Canada with € 58.5 million (+ 165%) and Algeria with € 56.3 million (+ 25%).
If one looks at what kind of fruit is being exported to countries outside the EU, it is especially citrus fruits that have shown the greatest increase. Representatives of the citrus industry have recently had a meeting to analyze the market situation and development of the ongoing campaign for 2014-2015. There is some concern about certain citrus species, particularly there has been a decline in trade with clementines.
This year’s harvest
The outlook for the harvest this year is good and production is expected to be high, almost 6.5 million tonnes, which is in line with last year’s harvest. However, prices have been lower than expected during the past three years, and there have been problems with the marketing of the Navelina oranges and the late Clementines.
All images on citrus fruits comes from the Swedish news desk’s plantations in Coin (Malaga), and they are clickable, as usual. Coin is located in Valle del Guadalhorce, which is considered the most fertile part of Spain where large amounts citrus fruits are being grown.