The Spanish Central Bureau of Statistics, Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) has published a survey that sheds light on wage differences in Spain.
The survey covers the year 2013, but not has happened much with salaries since then. It turns out that women earn on average 24% less than men. While the average salary for men was € 25,675, the equivalent of the average salary for women was € 19,514.
It was also found that workers with temporary contracts had an average salary that was 36.6% lower than for those who had permanent employment on an annual basis. Even the actual contract were 2.9% lower than for those who had similar long-term contracts.
But it is not just women who are lagging behind in terms of salary. If you look at retirement there is a group that has even worse salaries. Here it is not the INE that supply statistics, but it is VidaCaixa in collaboration with the University of Barcelona who made a study. The study includes 1,017 men and women in the general scheme for self-employed (autonomo).
We are talking about the large group of self-employed, they have an average pension of 635 € per month, while a former employee has an average of € 1,155 per month. Thus it is 40% lower for the self-employed. It turned out that 78% of self-employed were more likely to not achieve a “decent pension” in comparison to permanent staff.
The Director for General Banking Foundation La Caixa, Jaume Giro, noted that there are currently more than 3 million self-employed in Spain and that they are an “important group” for creating jobs and economic recovery. According to the study, the proportion of self-employed in Spain 16.7%, while the European average is 14.3%.